- 1 Common Antibiotics Used for Strep Throat Treatment
- 2 Amoxicillin 250/500 mg for Strep Throat: Efficacy, Dosage and Benefits
- 3 The course of treatment with amoxicillin for strep throat
- 4 Amoxicillin antibiotic for strep throat for adults
- 5 Recommendations for treatment with Amoxicillin
- 6 Contraindications and side effects of the antibiotic
Common Antibiotics Used for Strep Throat Treatment
A streptococcal throat infection is an inflammatory disease caused by the pathogenic bacteria hemolytic streptococcus. There are streptococci in the throat of every person but in case of the depressed immune system function or a pathogenic increase of a quantity of these bacteria, they may cause an inflammatory process and affect microflora.
As a bacterial origin is a base of the strep throat, the treatment of this type of sore throat is impossible without the use of the antibiotics. A human may be a carrier within a long period transmitting the infection to other members of the family or other people.
To treat the streptococcal infection of the throat, the broad action antibiotics are used. A choice of the antibiotic depends on several factors: patient’s age, vulnerability to certain group of the antibiotics, and a type of an infection.
To treat pharyngitis and tonsillitis, penicillin and cephalosporin antibiotics are recommended: Cephalexin, and Amoxicillin (Amoxil). If a patient is diagnosed scarlatina, macrolide antibiotics such as Azithromycin are recommended.
Children are often prescribed Amoxil because it acts on various types of the streptococcal infection and is well tolerated than cephalosporin and macrolide medications. But if bacteria produce penicillinase, the efficiency of Amoxil will be probably insignificant, and Azithromycin is preferred in this situation.
That is why, before starting the treatment of the strep throat, a type of the activator should be detected. It may be done by means of the blood test or a throat scraping.
Amoxicillin 250/500 mg for Strep Throat: Efficacy, Dosage and Benefits
It is impossible to treat the strep throat without the antibacterial therapy. The streptococcal bacteria are spread rather quickly, so that a patient may have complications. The pathogenic flora may penetrate into the respiratory tracts and cause pneumonia, bronchitis, pleurisy, and others.
Many patients neglect the use of the antibiotics. Parents especially protect their children against the antibiotics, and the first signs of the complications appear within 2-3 weeks after the false recovery. That is why, if the disease does not have intensive symptoms, the use of Amoxicillin will help to avoid the development of the complications.
Streptococci are vulnerable to Amoxicillin, and so the strep throat therapy of light and middle severity goes fast. A duration of the therapy usually takes 7-10 days; if severe course of the disease, the antibiotic is taken for not more than 14 days.
- Adults and children over 12 are prescribed Amoxicillin in the dose of 500 mg 3 times per day, within 7 days. If the symptoms are improved, the dose may be reduced in 5 days of the treatment, and 500 mg is taken 2 times per day.
- Children at the age of 5 to 12 are recommended to calculate the individual dose by the formula: 25 mg per 1 kg body mass. If the body mass is 36 kg, the daily dose will be 900 mg. It is divided into 2-3 times and given to a child with equal interval – 6-8 hours.
- Children under 5 are given Amoxicillin in the form of suspension for better digestion in the gastro-intestinal tract. The dose is calculated according to the body mass.
The Amoxicillin use helps to relief the symptoms within 3-4 days. The first signs of the state improvement of a patient will be a reduction of purulence on the walls of the throat and tonsils, and a white coat.
However, these signs do not tell about a complete recovery and the treatment should be continued. The premature termination of the treatment may cause a resistance of bacteria to penicillin, and the repeated treatment will be ineffective during the relapse.
The benefit of Amoxicillin is a soft action and absence of the adverse effects in comparison with cephalosporin and macrolide antibiotics. So, it is indicated for the treatment of the infectious strep throat even in pregnant women who are contraindicated to take most antibiotics.
Chronic types of the streptococcal tonsillitis or pharyngitis are treated by penicillin antibiotics which are protected against the beta-lactamases. It is often Amoxicillin 500 mg + Clavulanic acid. This medical combination has a higher efficiency in comparison with common Amoxil pills, and is prescribed for severe types of the throat infection.
Besides the use of the antibiotics, a patient is recommended to use the additional products which will increase the efficacy of the therapy:
- Antiseptic spays and solutions to rinse one’s throat;
- Rinsing tonsils with an antiseptic product;
- Antipyretic and anti-inflammatory products;
- Vasoconstrictive substances to reduce a risk of the infection spread and pain in the throat.
Amoxicillin works well as the basic medication for the treatment of the streptococcal throat infections, and as a preventive product to reduce a risk of the infection of the respiratory tracts and blood infection.
The course of treatment with amoxicillin for strep throat
Amoxicillin for strep shroat (angina) is prescribed for a course of 10 days. The dosage is selected individually, based on the age and weight of the patient. For an adult weighing 50-90 kg, the usual course of treatment looks like this: 1 tablet 500 mg 3 times a day for 10 days.
Already on the 3rd day, most people notice a marked improvement in their condition. This is due to the fact that by this time the antibiotic kills almost all bacteria. Some people have a desire to stop taking this drug in order to reduce possible harm to the intestines. But this decision can lead to much more serious consequences – single surviving bacteria become resistant and produce offspring that will not respond to this antibiotic.
In this case, the manifestations of strep shroat will return again and the doctor will prescribe for you a second course of another antibacterial drug. Thus, it is very important to undergo the full course of treatment for sore throat with amoxicillin to the end.
Amoxicillin antibiotic for strep throat for adults
Usually an adult prefers not to pay attention to the course of a disease, so as not to interrupt the work process and not to take sick leave. However, this approach can be fatal with strep shroat. To properly cure the disease, you need to carefully monitor yourself during the treatment process, maintain bed rest and regularly visit a doctor who will select the right antibiotics.
Amoxicillin is a simple and ideal medicine for the treatment of strep shroat and a severe form of tonsillitis – purulent. For greater effectiveness in the case of purulent tonsillitis, the dose of the drug must be doubled. This semi-synthetic antibiotic combines all the necessary qualities of expensive drugs, but Amoxicillin is also at an affordable price.
The tablets are completely absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and are not destroyed by the action of stomach acid. It must be remembered that one of the negative individual properties of the tablets will be a decrease in the effectiveness of contraceptives taken orally.
An individual dosage should be established by a doctor for a sick adult. Usually a single dose does not exceed 500 mg of the drug, which is 2 tablets.
Recommendations for treatment with Amoxicillin
Amoxicillin with clavulanic acid, like other antibiotics, is completely useless to treat infections caused by viruses, not bacteria. The flu also belongs to such infections. If the disease requires long-term therapy, it makes sense to combine amoxicillin with antifungal drugs.
Particular attention should be paid to the bactericidal treatment of infections in patients who have ever suffered asthma, hay fever, allergic diathesis. If the doctor has prescribed high-dose therapy, it is necessary to constantly monitor the condition of the liver and kidneys.
If amoxicillin is used as a component of the drug course to eliminate mild diarrhea, it is reasonable to abandon drugs that weaken intestinal motility. It is better to use products containing kaolin or attapulgite.
Antibiotic treatment should not be stopped even 2 to 3 days after the disappearance of the symptoms of an infectious lesion.
Contraindications and side effects of the antibiotic
This antibiotic should not be taken by people who have had an allergic reaction to any drug from the penicillin or cephalosporins group, since a cross-reaction is possible. With caution, this medicine is used in patients with severe liver or kidney disease. But for pregnant and lactating mothers, this drug can be a salvation – after all, this is one of the few drugs that have proven their safety in various clinical studies.
If the patient is prescribed amoxicillin, strep shroat (sore throat) will be cured in most cases. However, sometimes the patient may experience such unpleasant symptoms as pain, bloating, diarrhea, various changes in the functioning of the nervous system (insomnia, agitation, headaches, anxiety), skin rash, swelling, heaviness in lower back pain or right hypochondrium and others. Be sure to inform your doctor about side effects. In severe cases, he will choose an alternative treatment option.
Before you start taking Amoxicillin 500, you must carefully read the instructions for medical use, which is always available inside the package with the medicine. The drug can not be bought and used alone. Entrust this task to a specialist.